Daniel Fiott

Dr. Daniel Fiott

Visiting Professor

CV

Dr Daniel Fiott serves as a Visiting Professor at the Institute for European Studies, Free University of Brussels (IES). Daniel successfully defended his PhD on European defence-industrial cooperation at the IES in 2017, and he conducted research at the Institute from 2012-2016. Focusing on European defence policy and defence industrial issues, Daniel is also Security and Defence Editor at the EU Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) – the Institute is an official agency of the EU. He has held this position since late 2016. Since 2017, Daniel has also served as a Visiting Lecturer at the Brussels School of International Studies (BSIS), University of Kent. From 2014-2016 Daniel was a fellow of the Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO) following their decision to award Fiott with a scholarship for his doctoral research. Before this time Daniel held positions with think tanks and the private sector. Fiott is regularly invited to lecture at defence colleges and universities across Europe, and he is widely published in leading journals on European defence matters. Daniel was educated at the University of Cambridge and he holds a PhD from the Free University of Brussels.

Publications

Books

(ed.) The CSDP in 2020: The EU’s Legacy and Ambition in Security and Defence, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2020).

Defence Industrial Cooperation in the EU: The State, the Firm and Europe, (Oxon/New York: Routledge, 2019).

Yearbook of European Security 2019, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2019).

Yearbook of European Security 2018, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2018) (with J. Bund).

Yearbook of European Security 2017, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017) (with J. Bund, Z. Stanley-Lockman and T. Tardy).

After the EU Global Strategy: Consulting the Experts – Security and Defence, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2016) (edited with J-J. Andersson and A. Missiroli).

Responsibility to Protect and the Third Pillar: Legitimacy and Operationalisation, (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015) (edited with J.A. Koops).

Journal articles

America First, Third Offset Second?, The RUSI Journal, 163(4) (2018): 40-48.

The Multiannual Financial Framework and European Defence, Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, 53(6) (2018): 311-315.

Patriotism, Preferences and Serendipity: Understanding the Adoption of the Defence Transfers Directive, Journal of Common Market Studies, 55(5) (2017): 1045-1061.

The EU, NATO and the Defence Market: Do Institutional Responses to Defence Globalisation Matter?, European Security, 26(3) (2017): pp. 398-414.

The European Defence Market: Disruptive Innovation and Market Destablisation, The Economics of Peace and Security Journal, 12(1) (2017): 28-35 (with R. Bellais).

A Revolution Too Far? US Defence Innovation, Europe and NATO’s Military-Technological Gap, The Journal of Strategic Studies, 10(3) (2017): 417-437.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Defence, Industry and Strategy, The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, 51(4) (2016): 119-130.

Modernising NATO’s Defence Infrastructure with EU Funds, Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, 58(2) (2016): 77-94.

Europe and the Pentagon’s Third Offset Strategy, The RUSI Journal, 161(1) (2016): 22-27.

European Defence Industrial Cooperation: From Keynes to Clausewitz?, Global Affairs, 1(2) (2016): 159-167.

The European Commission and the European Defence Agency: A Case of Rivalry?, Journal of Common Market Studies, 53(3) (2015): 542-557.

The Environmental Bootprint: Competition and Regulation in the Greening of the EU Defence Sector, Organization & Environment, 27(3) (2014): 263-278.

Relations with the Rest of the World: From Chaos to Consolidation?, Journal of Common Market Studies, 52(S1) (2014): 170-185 (with A. Hadfield).

Europe After the U.S. Pivot, Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, 58(3) (2014): 413-428 (with L. Simón).

The ‘TTIP-ing Point’: How the TTIP Could Impact European Defence, The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, 48(3) (2013): 15-26.

Realist Thought and Humanitarian Intervention, The International History Review, 35(4) (2013): 766-782.

Europe and the Rest of the World, Journal of Common Market Studies, 51(S1) (2013): 168-182 (with A. Hadfield).

Improving CSDP Planning and Capability Development: Could there be a ‘Frontex Formula’?, European Foreign Affairs Review, 18(1) (2013): 47-62.

How Europeanised has Maltese Foreign Policy Become?, Mediterranean Quarterly, 21(3) (2010): 104-118.

Book chapters

Financing Rhetoric? The European Defence Fund and Dual-Use Technologies, In Antonio Calcara, Raluca Csernatoni and Chantal Lavallée (eds.) Emerging Security Technologies and EU Governance: Actors, Practices and Processes (London: Routledge, 2020): 42-57.

As You Were? The EU as an Evolving Military Actor, In Daniel Fiott (ed.) The CSDP in 2020: The EU’s Legacy and Ambition in Security and Defence (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2020): 110-123.

Introduction, In Daniel Fiott (ed.) The CSDP in 2020: The EU’s Legacy and Ambition in Security and Defence (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2020): 6-13.

Defence Industry, Industrial Cooperation and Military Mobility, In G. Lindstrom and T. Tardy (eds.) The EU and NATO: The Essential Partners (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2019): 44-51.

The European Union, In T. Balzacq, P. Dombrowski and S. Reich (eds.) Comparative Grand Strategy: A Framework and Cases (New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019): 262-283 (with L. Simón).

Innovating and Offsetting? The Political Economy of US Defence Innovation, In R. Matthews (ed.) The Political Economy of Defence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019): 377-397.

Military CSDP Operations: Strategy, Financing, Effectiveness, In S. Blockmans and P. Koutrakos (eds.) Research Handbook on the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2019): 111-131.

EU-NATO Cooperation: The Case of Defense R&D, In N. Karampekios, I. Oikonomou and E.G. Carrayannis (eds.) The Emergence of EU Defense Research Policy (Berlin: Springer International Publishing, 2018): 281-300.

Humanitarian Diplomacy, In G. Martel (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Diplomacy (London/New Jersey: Wiley, 2018): 113-120.

Defence Capabilities and Industry, In A. Missiroli (ed.) The EU and the World: Players and Policies Post-Lisbon – A Handbook (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017): 65-70.

Understanding EU Foreign Policy, In A. Missiroli (ed.) The EU and the World: Players and Policies Post-Lisbon – A Handbook (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017): 9-12.

Our Man in Brussels: The UK and the EEAS – Ambivalence and Influence, In R. Balfour, C. Carta and K. Raik (eds.) The European External Action Service and National Foreign Ministries: Convergence or Divergence? (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2015): 75-88.

The Use of Force and the Third Pillar, In D. Fiott and J.A. Koops (eds.) The Responsibility to Protect and the Third Pillar: Legitimacy and Operationalization (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015): 130-145.

Introduction, In D. Fiott and J.A. Koops (eds.) The Responsibility to Protect and the Third Pillar: Legitimacy and Operationalization (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015): 1-3 (with J.A. Koops).

Defence R&D in Europe, In F. Gaub (ed.) EUISS Yearbook of European Security 2014 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2014): 113-118.

The European Union, In G. Zyberi (ed.) An Institutional Approach to the Responsibility to Protect (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013): 199-219 (with M. Vincent).

Book reviews

1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created, by C. Mann, Global Affairs, 2(1) (2015): 102-103.

In Defence of War, by N. Biggar, Politics and Governance, 3(2) (2015): 51-53.

Malta in the European Union, by M. Harwood, Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 16(3) (2015): 457-458 (with G. Orsini).

Debating European Security and Defence Policy: Understanding the Complexity, by M. Larivé, The RUSI Journal, 160(2) (2015): 100-101.

The EU as a Global Security Actor: An Analysis Beyond CFSP and JHA, by C. Kaunert and K. Zwolski, Journal of Common Market Studies, 52(2) (2014): 437-438.

The European Mind: Narrative and Identity, by H. Frendo (ed.) vols I & II, Journal of European Studies, 41(1) (2011): 77-80.

Extended papers and commissioned studies

Strategic Investment: Making Geopolitical Sense of the EU’s Defence Industrial Policy, Chaillot Paper, 156, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2019).

GSVP 2020, In J. Frank and L. Daskin (eds.) Sicher. Und Morgen? Sicherheitspolitische Jahresvorschau 2020 – Direktion für Sicherheitspolitik (Wien: Bundesminister für landesverteidigung – Republik Österreich, 2019): 115-120.

Defence Industry, Industrial Cooperation and Military Mobility, In G. Lindstrom and T. Tardy (eds.) The EU and NATO: The Essential Partners (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2019): 44-51.

The Scrutiny of the European Defence Fund by the European Parliament and National Parliaments, PE 603.478, study requested by the European Parliament’s Sub-Committee on Security and Defence (Brussels: European Parliament, 2019).

Protecting Europe: The EU’s Response to Hybrid Threats, Chaillot Paper, 151, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2019) (with R. Parkes).

European Armaments Standardisation, PE 603.872, study requested by the European Parliament’s Sub-Committee on Security and Defence (Brussels: European Parliament, 2018).

Permanent Structured Cooperation: What’s in a Name?, Chaillot Paper, 142, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017) (with A. Missiroli and T. Tardy).

The Diplomatic Role of the European Parliament’s Parliamentary Groups, European Policy Analysis, 3 (Stockholm: Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies, 2015).

Trade Policy Support for Defence Capabilities, In K. Raube et al. (eds.) Supporting European Security and Defence with Existing EU Measures and Procedures, PE 534.993, study requested by the European Parliament’s Sub-Committee on Security and Defence (Brussels: European Parliament, 2015): 78-83.

Industrial Policy Support for Defence Capabilities, In K. Raube et al. (eds.) Supporting European Security and Defence with Existing EU Measures and Procedures, PE 534.993, study requested by the European Parliament’s Sub-Committee on Security and Defence (Brussels: European Parliament, 2015): 70-75

(ed.) The Common Security and Defence Policy: National Perspectives, Egmont Paper, 75 (Ghent: Academia Press, 2015).

The State of Defence in Europe: State of Emergency?, Egmont Paper, 62 (Ghent: Academia Press, 2013) (edited with S. Biscop).

Energy Security, In D. Fiott (ed.) “Climate Change and Security in Africa: Vulnerability Report”, Report, (Brussels: Madariaga – College of Europe Foundation, 2010) (with F. Iwinjak and P. Kantu Yamba).

(ed.) Climate Change and Security in Africa: Vulnerability Report, Report, (Brussels: Madariaga – College of Europe Foundation, 2010).

Africa, Climate Change, Environment and Security: Dialogue Forum, Report, (Brussels: Madariaga – College of Europe Foundation, 2010).

Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa, Final Report for the European Commission, PBP-2008/2-003, 2009 (with M. Malgarini).

Policy analysis

Uncharted Territory? Towards a Common Threat Analysis and a Strategic Compass for EU Security and Defence, Brief, 16, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2020).

EU-Japan Cooperation on Defence Capabilities: Possibilities?, Elcano Analyses, 76, (Madrid: Real Instituto Elcano, 2020) (with M. Tsuruoka).

Will European Defence Survive Coronavirus?, Expert Comment, 11, (Madrid: Real Instituto Elcano, 2020).

Digitalising Defence: Protecting Europe in the Age of Quantum and the Cloud, Brief, 4, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2020).

What if… the EU Developed a More Strategic CSDP?, In F. Gaub (ed.) “What if…? 14 Futures for 2014”, Chaillot Paper, 157 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2020): 14-17.

What Does it Mean to be a European Defense Company Today?, Éditoriaux de l’Ifri, (Paris: French Institute for International Relations, 2019).

Stress Tests: An Insight into Crisis Scenarios, Simulations and Exercises, Brief, 9, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2019).

The Poison Pill: EU Defence on US Terms?, Brief, 7, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2019).

What if… the United States Pulls Out of Europe?, In F. Gaub (ed.) “What if…? Scanning the Horizon: 12 Scenarios for 2021”, Chaillot Paper, 150 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2019): 55-58.

What if… A Foreign Submarine is Hijacked on EU Territory?, In F. Gaub (ed.) “What if…? Scanning the Horizon: 12 Scenarios for 2021”, Chaillot Paper, 150 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2019): 8-11.

A New Dynamic in EU-Japan Relations, In L. Simón and U. Speck (eds.) Natural Partners? Europe, Japan and Security in the Indo-Pacific (Madrid: Real Instituto Elcano, 2018): 41-44.

Strategic Autonomy: Towards ‘European Sovereignty’ in Defence?, Brief, 12 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2018).

European Defence Markets and Industry: New Initiatives, New Challenges, Nacao e Defesa, 150 (Lisbon: Instituto de Defesa Nacional, 2018): 76-84.

Artificial Intelligence: What Implications for EU Security and Defence?, Brief, 10, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2018) (with G. Lindstrom).

UE: Más Defensa, Por Necesidad y Convicción, Anuario Internacional CIDOB (Barcelona: Barcelona Centre for International Affairs, 2018).

EU Defence Capability Development: Plans, Priorities, Projects, Brief, 6, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2018).

Promoting European Defence Cooperation and the Promise of Financial Incentives, ARES Group Comment, 16 (Paris: Institut de relations internationales et stratégiques, 2017).

La ‘Cybridisation’ de défense Européenne, Défense, 189 (Paris: Institut des hautes études de défense nationale, 2017): 68-60.

European Defence, 60 Years after the Treaty of Rome, European Defence Matters, 13 (Brussels: European Defence Agency, 2017): 38-40.

Towards Military Mobility?, Brief, 31 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017).

The Cybridisation of EU Defence, Alert, 24 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017).

Funding EU Defence Cooperation, Alert, 11 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017).

The CARD on the EU Defence Table, Alert, 10 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017).

European Defence: The Year Ahead, Brief, 1 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017).

What if… Russia Intervenes Again in Ukraine?, In F. Gaub (ed.) “What if… Conceivable Crises: Unpredictable in 2017, Unmanageable in 2020?”, Report, 34 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017): 17-20.

Introduction – Our Approach, In F. Gaub (ed.) “What if… Conceivable Crises: Unpredictable in 2017, Unmanageable in 2020?”, Report, 34 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017): 5-12 (with F. Gaub).

Making Europe and Europeans Safer, Alert, 39 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2016) (with A. Missiroli).

EU Defence Research in Development, Alert, 43 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2016).

After the EU Global Strategy: Connecting the Dots, Alert, 33 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2016).

A ‘Game Changer’? The EU’s Preparatory Action on Defence Research, ARES Group Comment, 1 (Paris: Institut de relations internationales et stratégiques, 2016) (with R. Bellais).

Financing EU Defence: Time to Call the European Investment Bank?, IES Policy Brief, 5 (Brussels: Institute for European Studies-Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 2015).

Strategic Dialogue: EU Global Strategy, Strategic Dialogue, 4 (Bucharest: ‘Carol I’ National Defence University, 2015): 89-94.

Dual-Use Technologies Don’t Justify Decreasing Defence Budgets, Discussion Paper, 29 (Brussels: Friends of Europe, 2015): 34-37.

Britain’s Place in an EU-wide Security of Supply Regime, RUSI Defence Systems, 16(1) (London: Royal United Services Institute, 2015).

Conclusion: wherefore art thou CSDP?, In D. Fiott (ed.) “The Common Security and Defence Policy: National Perspectives”, Egmont Paper, 75 (Gent: Academia Press, 2015): 121-124.

Being Small, Acting Tall? Malta and European Defence, In D. Fiott (ed.) “The Common Security and Defence Policy: National Perspectives”, Egmont Paper, 75 (Gent: Academia Press, 2015): 93-96.

The CSDP is Dead, Long Live the CSDP?, In D. Fiott (ed.) “The Common Security and Defence Policy: National Perspectives”, Egmont Paper, 75 (Gent: Academia Press, 2015): 11-13.

The Three Effects of Dual-Use: Firms, Capabilities and Governance, Brief, 21, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2014).

One Size to Fit All? Setting Standards for European Defence, Brief, 13, (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2014).

Autonomy without Autarky: An EU ‘Roadmap’ for Security of Supply, Alert, 43 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2014).

No TTIP-ing Point for European Defence?, Alert, 19 (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2014).

An Industrious European Council on Defence?, Egmont Security Policy Brief, 53 (Brussels: Egmont: Royal Institute for International Relations, 2013).

More Competitive, More Efficient? The 2013 Commission Defence Communication, Egmont Security Policy Brief, 49 (Brussels: Egmont: Royal Institute for International Relations, 2013).

Safeguarding the EDTIB: The Case for Supervising non-EU FDI in the Defence Sector, Egmont Security Policy Brief, 41 (Brussels: Egmont: Royal Institute for International Relations, 2013).

The Arms Trade Treaty and the Control of Dual-Use Goods; What can the EU Export Regime Offer?, IES Working Paper, 1 (Brussels: Institute for European Studies, VUB, 2013) (with K. Prizeman).

The European Defence Technological and Industrial Base: Five Suggestions, In S. Biscop and D. Fiott (eds.) “The State of Defence in Europe: State of Emergency?”, Egmont Paper, 62 (Gent: Academia Press, 2013): pp. 73-78.

The Sahel Crisis: Where do European and African Perspectives Meet?, IES Policy Brief, 2 (Institute for European Studies, VUB, 2013) (with H. Hoebeke, E. Marijnen and A. Mattelaer).

How to Avoid the Three Pitfalls of European Strategy, In R. Parkes, R. Formuszewicz and S. Westerberg (eds.) Stocktaking of EU Strategizing (Warsaw: Polish Institute for International Affairs, 2012): 27-29.

Resource-full Revolutions? The EU, Natural Resources and the Southern Neighbourhood, In S. Biscop, R. Balfour and M. Emerson (eds.) “An Arab Springboard for EU Foreign Policy?”, Egmont Paper, 54 (Gent: Academia Press, 2012): 49-55.

Blind in a Dark Room? The EU’s Space Capacities for Natural Resource Mapping, Madariaga Paper, 4(4) (Bruges: College of Europe, 2012).

The New Frontex: A Model for the Common Security and Defence Policy?, Madariaga Paper, 4(11) (Bruges: College of Europe, 2011).

On the Value of Parliamentary Democracy, Madariaga Paper, 4(7) (Bruges: College of Europe, 2011).

The Fault Lines and Virtues of Multipolarity, Madariaga Paper, 4(4) (Bruges: College of Europe, 2011).

Europe and Rare Earths: Dependable Diplomacy or Strategic Scarcity?, Madariaga Paper, 4(9) (Bruges: College of Europe, 2011).

The EU and China in Africa: The Case of Kenya, Madariaga Paper, 3(5) (Bruges: College of Europe, 2010).

China’s PLAN: Security Supplies and Sailing into Blue Waters?, Madariaga Paper, 2(6) (Bruges: College of Europe, 2010).

Responsibility to Rebuild: Guinea-Bissau, European Security Review, 41 (Brussels: International Security Information Service Europe, 2008): 3-4 (with G. Gya and L. Vainio).

The French White Paper on Defence and National Security: NATO, Nuclear Weapons and Space, European Security Review, 40 (Brussels: International Security Information Service Europe, 2008): 5-11.

European Parliamentary Update – July, European Security Review, 40 (Brussels: International Security Information Service Europe, 2008): 25-29 (with O. Jacquemet).

The Responsibility-to-Protect: Sovereignty, Political Will and Capabilities, European Security Review, 39 (Brussels: International Security Information Service Europe, 2008): 6-10.

European Parliamentary Update – June, European Security Review, 39 (Brussels: International Security Information Service Europe, 2008): 27-30 (with O. Jacquemet).

European Union Security Sector Reform Missions: The Case of Guinea-Bissau, European Security Review, 38 (Brussels: International Security Information Service Europe, 2008): 8-11.

European Parliamentary Update – May, European Security Review, 38 (Brussels: International Security Information Service Europe, 2008): 18-21 (with G. Gya).

Recent commentary

The EU and Crisis Management in the Age of Technological Disruption, ZIF Berlin TechPops, June 22, 2020.

Let’s Use the Pandemic to Enhance EU Defence, Newsletter of the Chairman of the EU Military Committee, Issue no. 65, May 6, 2020.

La defensa europea no debería ser la víctima del “gran cierre”, Real Instituto Elcano, April 30, 2020 (with A. Marrone, E. Simon, F. Arteaga, J-P. Maulny, K. Hartley, M. Seselgyte and S. Matelly).

La défense Européenne ne doit pas être l’une des victims du Covid-19, L’Express, April 30, 2020 (with A. Marrone, E. Simon, F. Arteaga, J-P. Maulny, K. Hartley, M. Seselgyte and S. Matelly).

La Difesa europea non vada in lockdown, Formiche, April 28, 2020 (with A. Marrone, E. Simon, F. Arteaga, J-P. Maulny, K. Hartley, M. Seselgyte and S. Matelly).

European Defence Should not be the Casualty of ‘the Great Lockdown’, Euractiv, April 27, 2020 (with A. Marrone, E. Simon, F. Arteaga, J-P. Maulny, K. Hartley, M. Seselgyte and S. Matelly).

Europas Verteidigung sollte nicht Opfer des Lockdowns sein, Frankfurter Allgemeine, April 26, 2020 (with A. Marrone, E. Simon, F. Arteaga, J-P. Maulny, K. Hartley, M. Seselgyte and S. Matelly).

It’s Time to Vaccinate Europe’s Defence Budgets, Euractiv, April 20, 2020 (with T. Schültz and M. Terlikowski).

The EU Must Not Let the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Weaken Europe’s Security, Euronews views, April 17, 2020.

A New Era for European Defence, Newsletter of the Chairman of the EU Military Committee, December 10, 2018.