Post 2020 EU energy and climate governance

The development of a common energy market for the EU Member States where energy is secure, competitive and sustainable will depend on the EU actions proposed to implement the five pillars of the Energy Union. These are energy security of supply, internal energy market, moderation of energy demand, decarbonisation of the energy mix, and promotion of research and innovation in clean technologies. Bringing a future common EU energy policy in line with the 2030 Energy and Climate targets will be challenging.  In particular the design of future EU energy and climate governance will be important to achieve the EU’s energy and climate goals.

This project aims to provide research driven ideas that can assist policy makers to reshape existing policies in order to ensure that the targets set in the 2030 Energy and Climate Package on Greenhouse Gas Emission, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency will be met.

Our research aims to analyse what an effective policy design would look like. Answering the following questions will, in that regard, be important:

  • What are the best mechanisms to ensure that (EU wide) targets will be met?
  • What should be the rules on planning and reporting?
  • How is compliance and enforcement designed
  • and finally how can the existing EU energy and climate legislation be streamlined as to facilitate the above mentioned challenges?

In December 2014 we published a report, commissioned by the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union, on the risks and options of Renewable Energy Governance post 2020. This report dealt with the question on how EU renewable energy policy could be reshaped after 2020 as to further enhance renewable energy deployment in the EU and related Member States cooperation.

In order to assist policy makers with a future redesign of the EU renewable energy policy, on-going research seeks to apply a situational analysis tool on the performance current EU renewable legislation.  The tool helps to identify the relationship between ‘internal’ strengths and weaknesses, and ‘external’ threats and opportunities leading to different strategies that can be used by policy makers in their strategic planning.

This work will feed into the design of a (theoretical) “blue-print” of future EU energy and climate policies, which will be published later in 2015.


The IES researchers working on this project are Tomas Wyns and Sebastian Oberthür.