Joachim Koops

Prof. Dr. Joachim Koops

Research Professor, European Foreign & Security Policy
+32 2 614 81 84


Joachim A. Koops is Research Professor and Senior Associate Researcher for European Foreign and Security Policy. He is also Associate Professor of Political Science / Head of Department of International Affairs and Course Director of the Executive Course in Global Risk Analysis and Crisis Management and the European Peace and Security Studies (EPSS) Programme at Vesalius College, Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Joachim's research interests include the European Union as an international actor and 'Integrative Power', the theory and practice of (effective) multilateralism and global governance, inter-organizational cooperation and rivalry (with special focus on NATO, the EU, United Nations and African Union) as well as crisis management, peacekeeping and peacebuilding (including the Responsibility to Protect / Rebuild). 

Current research projects include United Nations Peacekeeping, the European Union as a Diplomatic Actor, the EU’s cooperation with NATO and the United Nations, theories of cooperation and rivalry among major international organisations and lessons learned from the UN Peacebuilding Commission and the Standby High Readiness Brigade for United Nations Operations (SHIRBRIG) for UN Peacekeeping.

At the IES, Joachim Koops focuses on EU Diplomacy, the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), effective multilateralism and the European Union as an Inter-organizational Actor.

He holds a BA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) from the University of Oxford (UK), an MSc in European Politics, Economics and Law from the University of Turku (Finland), the Postgraduate Diploma in Law/Common Professional Examination in English and European Law from Oxford Brookes University, the Postgraduate Diploma in Legal Practice (LPC) from the Oxford Institute of Legal Practice, University of Oxford and a PhD in Political Science from the University of Kiel (Germany).


Research Projects

  • Command and Control in Peacekeeping and Crisis Management: A comparative Analysis of UN, EU and NATO Approaches - Funded by the French Ministry of Defence (November 2012- December 2013)
  • Inter-organizational Relations in World Politics (with Rafael Biermann, University of Jena, Germany). January 2012 - December 2014.
  • Deepening the EU’s Relations with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) - Funded by the European Union External Action Service (EEAS) 124,000 Euros. In Partnership with FRIDE and the Gulf Research Centre (January 2012- December 2013)

  • The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor: Policies, Processes and Performance, in cooperation with the Institute for European Studies (IES), Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Interdisciplinary research project, involving lecture series and contributions from academic and policy-oriented partners. Output: Lecture Series and Edited Volume (to be published with PalgraveMacMillan) (December 2009-August 2012)

  • The EU as a Global Actor in the UN Reform Process - In cooperation with the Istituto Affari Internazionali, Rome and with a grant from the Volkswagen Foundation; The Project focused on a comprehensive analysis of the EU’s role in the UN Reform process in the fields of Military Crisis Management, Peacebuilding and Human Rights (August 2007-August 2010)

  • 10 Years of SHIRBRIG: Past Lessons and Future Potentials of the United Nations Standby High Readiness Brigade. - Funded by the German Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt: Abteilung für Vereinte Nationen und Globale Fragen). Project Coordinator and Principal Researcher. (May 2007-January 2008)


IES Workshops/Conferences Convened:

European Peace & Security Studies (EPSS) Senior Guest Lecture Series, organized every Fall Semester, including speakers and senior officals from the EU, NATO and UN as well as members of the EPSS Academic Advisory Council.

Fighting Corruption in the Defence Sector: Strengthening Civil Society and Legislative Oversight, (co-organized with Transparency International), Civil Society Workshop, 18 September 2013. More information.

The European Union and Africa: from Eurafrique to Afro-Europa, (co-organized with the Centre for Conflict Resolution, Pretoria, South Africa), Brussels, 28 June 2013. More information.

The European Union and the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty: From Ratification to Global Implementation, Conference, (in cooperation with the European Parliament, Global Action to Prevent War and Global Governance Institute), 4 June 2013, European Parliament.

Training Week and Young Leader Conference: Promoting Deeper EU-GCC Understandings, Exchanges and Relations among Young Leaders (co-organized with the Gulf Research Centre in cooperation with the European Commission and European Parliament), 8 - 13 September 2013, Brussels. More information.

Promoting an EU-GCC Dialogue on Foreign Policy Issues, (in cooperation with Qatar University, the Gulf Research Centre and the Global Governance Institute), Qatar University, Doha, 29 - 30 April 2013. More information

The European Union and the United Nations: Strengthening Partnership and Improving Effectiveness in Peacebuilding, Expert Workshop & Afternoon Conference, (in cooperation with the Global Governance Institute and Vesalius College), 25 March 2013. More info.

St Malo’s impetus for European Security and Defence: Much Ado about Nothing?!, (in cooperation with the University of Cambridge), co-convened with Dr. Geoffrey Edwards, Prof. Anand Menon, Hubertus Juergenliemk, 7-8 December 2012, University of Cambridge. More info.

'Inter-organizationalism in International Relations: Theories and Cases', international expert workshop (five panels, 22 paper-givers) exploring how, why and to what effect international organizations cooperate in the field of trade, peace & security, human rights and environmental regulation. Institute for European Studies (in cooperation with Vesalius College and the Global Governance Institute), 27-28 January 2012. More information.

IES Policy Forum: (co-organized with Gjovalin Macaj) Recalibrating the European Neighbourhood Policy:Whither EU Diplomacy Towards the EU's 'Southern Mediterranean'? More Information.

IES Spring Lecture Series 2011 (co-organized with Gjovalin Macaj): 
The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor: Policies, Processes and Performance. More information.

IES Spring Lecture Series 2012 (co-organized with Mathias Holvoet and Medlir Mema): 
The International Criminal Court's Second Decade: Quo Vadis? (in cooperation with the Global Governance Institute) More information.

EUIA Conference 2012 - Panel Convenor: 'Assessing European and American approaches to cybergovernance', 5 May 2012, Brussels.

EUIA Conference 2012 - Panel Convenor: 'The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor: Policies, Processes and Performance I + II', 5 May 2012, Brussels (co-organized with Gjovalin Macaj).

6th Pan-European Conference on EU Politics (ECPR) - Panel Convenor: 'The EU and Interorganisational Relations I + II' (two panels co-organized with Hanna Ojanen), 13-15 September 2012, Tampere.

Training Course for Academics from the Gulf: 'Understanding the Institutions and Policies of the EU and EU-Gulf Cooperation Councl Relations', GGI & IES,17-21 September 2012, Brussels (co-organized with Georgios Terzis and Jamal Shahin).




Advisor of the Head of the United Nations Liaison Office for Peace and Security (DPKO / DPA) - advising on strengthening inter-organizational cooperation and coordination between the UN, NATO and EU. May 2012 - June 2013. 

Advisor, Office of the Head of the Partnerships Team, Division of Policy, Evaluation and Training, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations, New York. July - August 2012.  

Lessons Learned Advisor of the Chief of Staff of the Standby High Readiness Brigade for
United Nations Operations
(SHIRBRIG), Hovelte, Denmark (Advising the Chief of Staff and the
Permanent Planning Element on the Lessons Learned Process and Evaluation of its 13 years of activities), November 2008 - July 2009.


Expert and Evaluator for the Ethics Review Committee of the European Commission,
DG Research & Innovation (7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development).

Scientific Evaluator, Proposals in the field of "Security" and "International Cooperation", European Commission, DG Research & Innovation  (7th Framework Programm for Research and Technological Development)

Appointed Member of the Expert Working Group on 'Dual Use and Misuse of Scientific Research in the field of Security', European Commission, DG Research & Innovation, Ethics Unit.



Invited Expert on "EU Support to United Nations and African Union Peacekeeping" Security and Defence Sub-Committee (SEDE) of the European Parliament, September 2013.

Invited Expert on "The European Union and Security Sector Reform", SEDE, European Parliament November 2012.

Invited Expert on "Responsibility to Protect", Committee on Foreign Affairs of the European Parliament, March 2012.



  • KOOPS, Joachim A.. 2011. The European Union as an Integrative Power: Assessing the EU's Effective Multilateralism towards NATO and the United Nations, Brussels, VUBPress, 2011. Link

Peer Reviewed Articles

  • KOOPS, Joachim A.. 2011. ‘Das Ende der schnellen VN-Eingreiftruppe: Hintergründe, Lehren, Konsequenzen’, Vereinte Nationen, 1/2011 Link
  • KOOPS, Joachim A.. 2009. ‘Effective Inter-organizationalism? Lessons Learned from the Standby High Readiness Brigade for United Nations Operations (SHIRBRIG), in Joachim A. Koops (ed.) Military Crisis Management: The Challenge of Inter-organizationalism, Studia Diplomatica, Special Issue, Vol. 62, No. 3, October 2009, Brussels: Egmont Institute – Royal Institute for International Relations, pp. 81-90
  • KOOPS, Joachim A.. 2009. Studie Diplomatica, Vol. 62, No. 3, October 2009, Brussels: Egmont Institute – Royal Institute for International Relations Link


  • KOOPS, Joachim A.. 2013. Inter-organizational Approaches, in Knud Erik Jorgensen and Katie Verlin Laatikainen (eds.) (2013) The Routledge Handbook of Europe and Multilateral Institutions, London: Routledge, Link
  • KOOPS, Joachim A.. 2012. NATO’s Influence on the Evolution of the European Union as an International Security Actor, in Knud Erik Jørgensen and Oriol Costa (eds.) (2012) The Influence of International Institutions on the European Union, PalgraveMacMillan Link
  • KOOPS, Joachim A.. 2012. The European Union's Relations with Core International Organizations: The Track-Record So Far', in Joaquin Roy (ed.) (2012) The State of the Union(s): The Eurozone Crisis, Comparative Regional Integration and the EU Model', Miami: University of Miami European Centre of Excellence
  • MACAJ, Gjovalin & KOOPS, Joachim A. . 2011. Inconvenient Multilateralism: The Challenges of the EU as a Player in the United Nations Human Rights Council, in Jan Wetzel (ed.) (2011) The EU as a Global Player in Human Rights, London: Routledge, pp. 71 - 86 Link
  • KOOPS, Joachim A.. 2010. Unstrategic Partners: NATO and the European Union’, in Werner Kremp and Berthold Meyer (eds.) (2010) Entangling Alliance: 60 Jahre NATO. Geschichte, Gegenwart, Zukunft, Trier: Wissenschaftsverlag,
  • KOOPS, Joachim A. & VARWICK, Johannes. 2009. Jørgensen (ed.) (2009), The European Union and International Organizations, London: Routledge Link
  • KOOPS, Joachim A. & VARWICK, Johannes. 2007. Exporting Stability or Importing Instability? The European Union at the Crossroads’, (in Johannes Varwick / Kai-Olaf Lang (eds) (2007), European Neighbourhood Policy: Challenges for the EU-Policy towards the New Neighbours, Opladen/Farmington Hills: Budrich Publishers

Articles, Essays & Reviews

  • KOOPS, Joachim A., SHAHIN, Jamal, SMYTHE, Chloe, TERCOVICH, Giulia, VANDEBRIEL, Ziggy. 2013. The EU and the GCC in Global Governance: Limitations and Future Potential, Gulf Papers, Geneva: Gulf Research Centre, 2013 Link
  • KOOPS, Joachim A. & DRIESKENS, Edith. 2013. ‘Providing for Peacekeeping: Country Profile Belgium’, New York: International Peace Institute / George Washington University Link
  • KOOPS, Joachim A.. 2012. 'Peace Operations Partnerships: Assessing Cooperation Mechanisms between Secretariats', ZIF Policy Briefing, March 2012, Berlin: Centre for International Peace Operations. Link
  • KOOPS, Joachim A. & VARWICK, Johannes. 2008. Ten Years of SHIRBRIG: Lessons Learned, Development Prospects and Strategic Opportunities for Germany, GPPi Research Paper No. 11, Berlin: Global Public Policy Institute Link