Over the past few months, the Institute has more than doubled it publication volume by launching four new books written or edited by its researchers and/or staff. The book series,
which started in 2003 with the transcript of the lecture series “About Globalization” has now reached its seventh issue.
Regional Security and Global Governance
Under the auspices of the United Nations University (Comparative Regional Integration Studies, Brugge, Belgium) and in collaboration with the IES, Dr. Kennedy
Graham and Tânia Felìcio wrote a compelling study of the interaction
between regional agencies and the UN Security Council. They extended their study with a proposal for a regional-global security mechanism that will be of interest to policy makers worldwide.
EU and WTO Law
Former IES Senior Research Fellow Marc Pallemaerts edited “EU and WTO Law: Do free trade rules impose a legal straitjacket on product-oriented environmental measures?”, which is based on an IES-organised conference under the same name that took place in December 2003. While environmental law increasingly relies on product regulations as an important policy instrument, supranational economic law, as laid down within the framework of the EU and the WTO, tends to view such regulations as trade barriers
which are to be removed as far as possible. This apparent contradiction between environmental protection and trade liberalization has been the subject of much political and academic debate.
Sanctioning Economic Crime
“Sanctioning Economic Crime” is the fruit of the doctoral research of IES associated research fellow Dirk Merckx. Dirk, who gained his PhD at VUB’s Law Faculty in 2002, is currently First Deputy King’s Prosecutor at the King’s Prosecution Office in Brussels where he has worked since 1989.
The European Union and Sustainable Development
Edited by former IES Senior
Research Fellow Marc Pallemaerts and Brussels School for International Studies scholar Albena Azmanova, “The European Union and Sustainable Development” is the logical outcome of the IES lecture series bearing the same title. The lectures, organised in collaboration with the Mina Raad, took place in the fall of 2004.
On 22 February 2006, Executive Director Anthony Antoine attended the conference “Reviving Chapter VIII: the United Nations and Regional Organisations – a partnership for peace”. The conference was organised by the International Peace Academy, in collaboration with the Institute for European Studies and the United Nations University (UNU-CRIS), and was held at the Millennium UN Plaza Hotel in New York. The conference, which was held back to back with the Standing Committee of the High Level Panel (conference of Secretary Generals of Regional Organisations and the UN Secretary General), attracted a wide audience of academics, practitioners and (especially) diplomats.
Senior Research Fellow Richard Lewis led a small team of practitioners and academics to Wayne State University to discuss practices and problems in dealing with migrants in large urban areas. The meeting was hosted by Wayne State and the Workman’s Circle of Detroit, a welfare organization with Jewish immigrant roots. It had coverage on Michigan Public Radio, the local station of National Public Radio.
On 25 April, the Institute’s Board approved the activity report and the financial report of 2005. This decision was endorsed by the University Council at its meeting of 19 May. The following is the executive summary. The full document can be downloaded from here.
For the second year in a row, the IES hosted the Council on International Educational Exchange’s Faculty Development Seminar on Globalisation and International Institutions. Some seven university professors from various corners of the US attended lectures at the IES between 5 and 9 June. The (in total) nine-day seminar investigated the challenges of globalization to the EU, NATO and the ICTY, with lectures at the IES and visits to various international and European organisations. Topics included US-European relations, brain drain, labor mobility and migration, sustainable development, and EU deepening and widening. IES senior staff Sebastian Oberthür, Anthony Antoine and Richard Lewis were involved in the lectures, while experts such as Dr. Antonio Missiroli (European Policy Council), Dr. Jamie Shea (NATO - see picture), Prof. Dr. Kris Deschouwer (VUB), Prof. Dr. Maarten Theo Jans (VUB) and Prof. Dr. Youri Devuyst (European Commission and VUB) contributed substantially to the programme The overall organisation was in the hands of CIEE coordinator Dr. Michaelangelo Van Meerten.
IES Senior Research fellow Richard Lewis attended a conference from 23-25 March on issues related to immigration and security organised by the World Policy Institute at the New School for Social Research New York and the Heinrich Böll Foundation, the think tank of the German Green Party. Funded by the German Marshall Fund and the MacArthur Foundation, the conference was part of an ongoing process to bring together scholars and practitioners from the United states, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and India. Subsequent meetings will be in in New York and New Delhi on specific themes.
Senior Research Fellow Richard Lewis was invited to lecture at the University of Liège on April 20th. He was the guest of Prof. Marco Martiniello (who had himself lectured in the series on multiculturalism at IES in 2005). Prof. Martiniello is the Director of the Centre for Ethnic and Migration Studies (CEDEM) at the Institute for Human and Social Sciences. CEDEM was created in 1995 as an inter-faculty research centre whose aim is to carry out theoretical and empirical research in the fields of human migration, ethnic questions and racism.
IES Academic Director Sebastian Oberthür attended a conference on “Inter-linkages: Building Knowledge, Capacity and Institutions for Sustainable Development at the Regional Level” convened by the United Nations University in Tokyo on 20 and 21 February 2006. The conference opened with a Public Forum on Inter-linkages and Capacity Development: Asia-Pacific Regional Responses to Environmental Challenges. Dr. Oberthür contributed a keynote address on “Interlinkages from an Institutional Perspective: Ideal Types and Governance Implications” to the Public Forum, which was attended by about 80 participants from academia and policy-making.
Dr. Oberthür and Bamberg University Professor Dr. Thomas Gehring published an article on “Institutional Interaction in Global Environmental Governance: The case of the Cartagena Protocol and the World Trade Organisation”. The article appeared in the May 2006 issue of Global Environmental Politics (MIT Press) and discusses the competitive quest of the Cartagena Protocol and the WTO for authority to regulate international trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs). They colclude that the structure of International governance steers intstitutions with differing objectives toward a jurisdictional balance that, while reflecting existing power relations, limits the potential for conflict and frames available policy choices.
24th April heralded a wide ranging European information week at the Koninklijk Atheneum Brugge Centrum (Royal Athenaeum of Bruges). The IES, in cooperation with the KA, organised an in-depth simulation game, during which a group of 150 pupils were given a case study of the fictitious African country of Watillia, a nation rich in minerals, on the brink of an ethnic civil war and genocide.
On 20 December 2005, the IES launched a series of presentations by IES researchers under the title “IES Research Colloquium”. The colloquium, which is taking place every third Tuesday of the month, brings together all IES researchers and other interested parties to discuss one specific research project.
Starting off in December last year was IES researcher Aaron McLoughlin. He presented the results of his two-year study on “Integrated Product Policy” which was an analysis of the European Commission Communication on Integrated Product Policy (IPP) of June 2003. Under the supervision of Marc Pallemaerts, Aaron discussed the political and legal implications of the Communication. He focussed on the manner in which the Communication relates to exisiting body of European Law and Politics regarding products. Reference was also made to the role of public authorities (A full report of his study, which was financed by the Belgian Federal Science Policy Department, can be obtained via the IES website (see “former research”).
The first presentation in the new year was from Mehmet Yigit Tezcan, who, in the presence of his promoter Prof. Gustaaf Geeraerts, outlined his preliminary research on “How Real is CFSP: a retroductive analyses of the EU’s actorness in world politics”.
Koen Van den Bossche, finalising his PhD thesis this year on the EU Common Fisheries Policy, outlined the first two chapters of his dissertation on 31 January. Koen, working on a research project supervised by Prof. Dr. Erik Franckx, gave an overview of the international legal framework of the European Fisheries Policy.
On Valentines day, doctoral researcher Ionut Sasu presented his work on his research project “The EU after the Constitutional Treaty: effective and legitimate?”. As chances to implement the Constitutional Treaty are very dim, Ionut focused on a theoretical framework, focusing on the mechanisms of effectiveness and of legitimacy.
Visiting research fellow Melissa Schnyder outlined her research activities, as she is finalizing her PhD on “European Migrant Inclusion Interests: Patterns of Political Behavior across Levels of Governance” at Indiana University (US). She noted that she had been doing fieldwork at the IES on a Fullbright fellowship between September 2005 to March 2006.
IES researcher Johan Kaes, who is hoping to defend his PhD thesis at the end of this year, presented his research on 18 April on “Information Access in an Era of Globalization and the Role of Europe“. Johan, who is working under the auspices of Prof. Koen Byttebier, gave an overview of his research in the field.
Koen Byttebier is also the promoter of IES-researcher Piet Vandoolaeghe, who presented his research on 16 May on the topic of “Public- Private Partnerships”. Piet, who holds a degree in Law and in Philosophy, discussed the difficulty of a legal definition of the subject.
On 20 June, researcher Stephen Kingah presented the second chapter of his PhD on “European Policy towards Regional Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa. A legal analysis of its formulation, implications and implementation” (promoter Prof. Dr. S. Smis) His talk was entitled “Synchronizing coherence and effectiveness as pillars of legitimacy in transnational rules and policies: analysis of the EU’s relations with Sub-Regions in Sub-Saharan Africa”
Since 1 April, the IES may welcome Karen Donders in its midst. Karen obtained a master degree in communication sciences (VUB, 2005, greatest distinction) and will work on the project “Towards i2010. Bargaining for an equitable information society” (under the supervision of Prof. Caroline Pauwels and Prof. Fabienne Brison). Before joining the IES, Karen worked at the VUB-SMIT research institute (Department of Communication Sciences), where she was involved in research activities on e-government and e-culture. While studying at VUB, she was a student representative and praeses. Her main field of interest is in the area of subsidies and WTO.
Dr. Xiaokun Song holds a PhD in political science from VUB since 2005. She has joined IES on 1 May 2006 to work (on a part-time basis) on the project “The European Policy toward Greater China” (promoters Prof. Dr. Bruno Coppieters and Prof. Dr. Erik Franckx). Before joining the IES, Xiokun worked at the VUB’s Politics Department. She currently combines her research at IES with an internship at the European Institute for Asian Studies.
Since February 2006, the IES has the pleasue of hosting Pascual Felipe Correa Alvarez, a senior scholar from the University of Santa Clara, Cuba. Pascual, who is a professor in International Law and Environmental Law, works at the IES through a 9-month scholarship from the Brussels Capital Region on a project under the supervision of Marc Pallemaerts and Sebastian Oberthür, entitled “Implementing Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration: a comparative study of Law and practice in the European Union and Cuba, with a special emphasis on practice in the Brussels Capital Region”.
A visiting fellow from the Department of Political Science of Florida International University, Prof. Dr. Paul Fabian Mullen conducted research at the IES between May and June 2006. Paul was on a fellowship from his university to finalize a research project on language issues in European politics and law. During his stay, he was able to conduct interviews in the European Commission, the Council and the Court of Justice.
After two years of working at our Institute, Senior Research Fellow Giovanna Bono left us to become an administrator of the Secretariat of the Subcommittee on Security and Defence at the Directorate General for External Policies of the European Parliament. Giovanna, who started her activities at the IES in May 2004, worked on European Security and Defence issues, specializing in Parliamentary oversight of European-led military operations. Giovanna will remain a senior associate fellow at our Institute. Meanwhile, we wish her every success with her new career !
From 14 until 17 June 2006, IES researcher Frederique Lambrecht attended the European Distance and E-Learning Network (EDEN) Annual Conference entitled “E-Competences for Life, Employment and Innovation”.
This conference was organized in Vienna under the patronage of the Austrian EU Presidency, in collaboration with the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture.
On Friday 12 May, the IES, under the auspices
of Prof. Dr. Ralph De Wit, organised the Belgian-Dutch Colloquium on International Transport “50 jaar CMR: Beleid en praktijk van het internationaal vervoer over de weg getoetst aan 50 jaar Europese harmonisatie via het Verdrag van 19 mei 1956”. The colloquium, which took place in Antwerp’s Astrid Park Plaza Hotel, attracted over 100 people, mainly lawyers and legal advisers in the field.
On 21 and 22 June, the Institute for European Studies hosted a workshop on “The European Union and International Organizations: A Field of Study in Search of Further Inquiry”. The workshop was convened by Prof. Dr. Knud Erik Jørgensen of the University of Aarhus (Denmark). Some ten participants discussed draft papers addressing, inter alia, the role of the EU in the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), the United Nations (UN), the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO). Together with further contributions, these papers and presentations will be further developed to provide the basis for an edited book volume on the subject to be published in the course of 2007. Workshop participants also discussed the prospect of developing a longer-term research agenda for exploring the role of the European Union in international institutions.
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