Over the past two decades the U.S. and Europe have engaged actively in efforts to prevent conflict and to manage crises around the world. Efforts to stabilize the Balkans and interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq challenged the transatlantic community, and many questioned the need for Americans or Europeans to engage at all. Yet the Rwandan genocide, the Srebrencia massacre and other atrocities brought home the horrifying costs of non-intervention. Together these experiences have sparked intensive debate about the relationship between state failure and insecurity, the appropriate mix of civilian and military means in conflict prevention and crisis management, the nature of U.S. and European interests and the limits of Western effectiveness. The U.S. and the EU have also drawn operational lessons from these experiences; each has developed new capabilities for conflict prevention and crisis management.
How effective have such efforts been, and how could they be improved? How can the U.S. and its European partners create more effective synergies among their respective efforts, particularly in an age of Western austerity? What are the most effective institutional mechanisms through which coordinated or complementary transatlantic efforts could be achieved? How may other partners be best engaged? The Arab Awakening and continued turmoil in many regions of the world make answers to these questions urgent and of high priority. The practitioners and experts in this volume offer recommendations and apply them to specific case studies. In addition, we offer the Crisis Management Toolbox, which outlines the key principles, actors and instruments guiding such efforts— an invaluable resource for anyone interested in these issues.